Brave Hearts Ministry


Deuteronomy

                                     

Memory Verse:  “The Lord your God is a faithful God.”  Deuteronomy 7:9

 

Facts about Deuteronomy

 

Author: Moses

Key people: Moses, Joshua

Written to: Israel (the new generation entering the Promised Land)

Date written: about 1407/6 B.C.

Purpose: To remind the people of what God has done and encourage them to rededicate   

                their lives to him.  

Location:  Old Testament

 

                                                            Overview

 

Lesson #1:  Deuteronomy  1:20-23a, 25-28,29a-34,35  3:23-26, 4:31  We learn about

                    God, Character                                    

Lesson #2:  Deuteronomy  5:1-13, 16-20 6:7,20-25  Commitment to God and his truth

                   cannot be taken for granted. Each person must respond afresh to God’s call.

Lesson #3:  Deuteronomy  12:2-5, 8-12  13:1-4, 26:16-19   Knowing what God requires

                    isn’t enough.  It must become part of your everyday life.

Lesson #4   Deuteronomy   29:1-6, 16-18 Footnotes for 30:11-14  Our Choices make

                   a difference.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Lesson #5:  Deuteronomy   31: 9-13  (The meaning of teaching.) It is important to pass

                   on God’s truth in our traditions to future generations.                                                                                                              

 

Lesson #1:  We learn about God’s character. Moses’ First address.

 

1: 21-23

 

“The Lord our God had directed us.  We were on the border of the Promised Land.  The Lord God has given us this land.  Go and possess it as he told us to. Don’t even doubt!

But they replied, ‘First let’s send our spies to discover the best route to enter, and decide which cities we should capture first.’  This seemed like a good idea, so the spies went into the promised land.”

 

1: 25b-29

 

“One look was enough to convince us that it was indeed a good land the Lord our God had given us.  But, the people refused to go in, and rebelled against the Lord’s command.  They murmured and complained in their tents and said, ‘The Lord must hate us, bringing us here from Egypt to be slaughtered by these Amorites.  What are we getting into?  Our brothers who spied out the land have frightened us with their report.  They say that the people of the land are tall and powerful, and that the walls of their cities rise high into the sky!  They have even seen giants there.   

Moses said,’ Don’t be afraid.  The Lord God is your leader, and He will fight for you with his mighty miracles.’ 

 

1:34-36 

 

“The Lord heard their complaining and was very angry.  He vowed that not one person in that entire generation would live to see the good land he promised their fathers – except Caleb who had followed the Lord completely. 

The people continued the wanderings.” 

 

3:23-26

 

“Moses prayed to God, ‘Please let me cross over into the Promised Land – the good land beyond the Jordan River.  I want to see the result of all the greatness and power you have been showing us; for what God in all of heaven or earth can do what you have done for us?’  But the Lord was angry with me because of you, and would not let me cross over.”

 

4:1, 2

 

“O Israel, listen carefully to these laws I teach you, and obey them if you want to live and enter into and possess the land given you by the Lord  God of your ancestors.  Do not add or subtract from these; just obey them because they come from the Lord your God.”

 

4:31

 

“The Lord your God is merciful, he will not abandon you, destroy you, nor forget the promises He has made to your ancestors.”

 

Questions:  

                                                           

1.      Who directed the people of Israel?  (God directed them.)

2.  Where were the people at the beginning of this passage?  (On the border of the

     promised land.) 

3. What did Moses tell them to do? (Go and possess the land.  Don’t even doubt!)

4.  What did the people do?  (Doubted!  Sent spies into the land to see what the people

     were like.)

5.      What law of God’s did they break?  (Obedience)

6.      What did Moses tell them and why?  (Don’t be afraid, the Lord your God will fight

for you with His mighty miracles.)

7.      The Lord heard their complaints.  What was His reaction?  (Anger, the people were

not allowed into the promised land and had to continue to wander.)

8.      What was Moses’ prayer to God?  (Please let me cross over into the promised land.)

9.       What was God’s answer and why?  (No. He was angry because of the people’s behavior of complaining and not obeying.)  

10. What have you learned about God’s character?  (You must obey.  God does punish. 

       God is merciful.  He will not abandon you or forget His promises to His people.)

10.  Can you make your own rules?  Why or why not?  (Let them discuss the passage and

consequences for breaking God’s rules. How does this apply to them today?)

 

Summary:  Moses reviewed the mighty acts of God for the nation of Israel. Remembering God’s special involvement in our lives gives us hope and encouragement for the future.

 

 

Lesson #2  Principles for Godly living.   Moses’ First Address.

 

Listed below are the laws Moses issued to the people of Israel when they left Egypt. 

 

5:1, 5:b -13 

 

“Listen carefully now to all these laws God had given you; learn them, and be sure to obey them! This is what He said, ‘I am Jehovah who rescued you from slavery in Egypt.   Never worship any god but me.  Never make idols; don’t worship them in any way, for I am the Lord your God.  I am a jealous God, and I will bring the curse of a father’s sins upon the even the third and fourth generations of the children of those who hate me; but I will show kindness to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

You must never use my name to make a vow you don’t intend to keep.  I will not overlook that.

Keep the Sabbath day holy.  Work the other six days.”

 

5:16 – 20

 

“Honor your father and mother (remember this is the commandment of the Lord your God.)

You must not murder.

You must not commit adultery.

You must not steal.

You must not tell lies.

These are the laws that God wrote out on two tablets and gave to me.”

 

6:7

 

“You must teach your children to obey God.”

 

 

 

 

6: 20-25

 

“In the years to come when your son asks you, ‘what is the purpose of these laws which the Lord has given us?’ you must tell him, ’We were Pharaoh’s slaves in Egypt, and the Lord brought us out of Egypt with great power and mighty miracles – with terrible blows against Egypt and Pharaoh and all his people. We saw it all with our own eyes.  He has commanded us to obey all of these laws and to reverence him so that he can preserve us alive as he has until now.  For it always goes well with us when we obey all the laws of he Lord our God.

 

Ways we show our obedience to God

 

We obey God’s commandments with our heart - by loving him more than any relationship, activity, achievement or possession.

 

We obey God’s commandments with our will - by committing ourselves completely to him. 

 

We obey God’s commandments with our mind - by seeking to know him and his Word, so his principles and values form the foundation of all we think and do.

 

We obey God’s commandments with our body - by recognizing that our strengths and  talents are given to us by God to be used for pleasure and fulfillment according to his rules, not ours. 

 

We obey God’s commandments with our future - by deciding to make service to God and man the main purpose of our life’s work.

 

Questions:

 

1.      This is a review question.  Why did Moses have two sets of  the tablets with the Ten

      Commandments on them? (Moses destroyed the first set after he came down from the

      mountain and found the people worshipping the golden calf.)

2.      How was God Merciful to these people. (He gave them another set of  tablets and led

them to the promised land.)             

3.  Why didn’t God let the people go into the promised land at this time?   (They didn’t

     obey him.  (They sent spies into the land and they didn’t go in.)

3.      What are the ways we can obey God’s commandments?)  With our heart by loving

him totally, with our will by committing ourselves completely to him, with our mind by seeking to know Him and his word, with out body by recognizing our strengths and talents and by our future, by making our service to God and man the main purpose of our life’s work.)

 4.  Discuss things they can do in their everyday lives to fulfill these commandments.

 

Summary: God is merciful to us, never leaving our sides as long as we continue to obey His commandments.

Lesson #3:  Deuteronomy 29:1-30:20.  Knowing what God requires is not enough. It must become part of your everyday life.        

 

An explanation of God’s love: We must put God’s word into action, making it part of our lives.  God’s faithful and patient love is portrayed more often than his punishment.  God shows his love by being faithful to his people and his promises.  In response, God desires love from the heart and not mere legalistic adherence to his law.

 

Importance of knowing God’s Love:  God’s love forms the foundation for our trust in him.  We trust him because he loves us.  God’s love should form the basis for your attitude toward justice and the rights of others.

There were proper laws for worship. (Remember Jesus had not come to earth and so the only worship and being forgiven was by following God’s law of worship.)

 

12:2-5

 

“You must destroy all the heathen altars wherever you find them, high in the mountains, up in the hills, or under the trees.  Leave nothing even to remind you of them!  You must not make sacrifices to your God just anywhere, as the heathen do to their gods.  Rather, you must build a sanctuary for Him at a place He Himself will select as His home.”

 

12: 8-12

 

“You will no longer go your own way as you do now, everyone doing whatever he thinks is right, ( for these laws don’t go into effect until you arrive in the place of rest the Lord will give to you.)  But when you cross the Jordan River and live in the Promised Land, and the Lord gives you rest and keeps you safe from all your enemies, then you must bring all your burnt sacrifices and other offerings to his sanctuary, the place he will choose as his home.  You shall rejoice there before the Lord with your sons and daughters and servants; and remember to invite the Levites to feast with you, for they have no land of their own.”

 

13:1-4

 

“If there is a prophet among you, or one who claims to foretell and future by dreams, and if his predictions come true but he says, ‘Come, let us worship the gods of the other nations,’ don’t listen to him.  For the Lord is testing you to find out whether or not you really love him with all your heart and soul.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26:16-19

 

“You must wholeheartedly obey all of these commandments and ordinances which the Lord you God is giving you today.  You have declared today that he is your God and you have promised to obey and keep his laws and ordinances, and to heed all he tells you to do.  And the Lord has declared today that you are his very own people, just as he promised, and that you must obey all of his laws.  If you do, he will make you greater than any other nation, allowing you to receive praise, honor and renown; and to attain this honor and renown, you must be a holy people to the Lord your God, as He requires.”

 

Questions:

 

1.      How does God show His love to us?  (God shows His love by being faithful to His people and keeping His promises.)

2.      What people is God referring to?  (The Israelis, remember we are in the Old Testament.  Today God keeps His promises to all of His people.)

3.       Where are these people right now that God is referring to?  (About to enter the Promise Land.)

4.      Why did God want the people to destroy all heathen altars?  (God didn’t want anything left to remind them of other gods.)

5.      When do these laws go into effect?  (When they cross the Jordan River.)

6.      When they come to this Promised Land, what will God do for them?  (God will give them rest and keep them safe from their enemies.)

7.      In return, what must they do for God?  Remember Jesus hasn’t come to earth.  (They must bring burnt sacrifices and other offerings to His sanctuary, the place He will choose as His Home.)

8.      Why does God continue to test them?  (God continues to test them to find out if they love Him with all of their heart and soul.)

9.      How do you think God tests you today?  (Let them discuss ways they think they are being tested.  Gossip, being friendly to a new student, cheating on test etc.)  

 

Summary: God is always faithful to His people, but He does continue to test their faithfulness to Him.

 

 

Lesson #4:  Our Choices make a difference.  Deut. 29:1-6, 16-18 

(Footnotes 30: 11-14.)

 

God reminded His people that in order to ratify His agreement they must choose the path of obedience.  Personal choice to obey could bring benefits to their lives; rebellion would bring severe calamity.

 

Call for commitment to God: Moses’ Third Address to the people.

 

 

 

29:1-6

 

“It was on the plains if Moab that Moses restated the covenant which the Lord had made with the people of Israel at Mount Horeb.  He summoned all Israel before him and told them, ‘You have seen with your own eyes the great plagues and mighty miracles that the Lord brought upon Pharaoh and his people in the land of Egypt.  But even yet the Lord hasn’t given you hearts that understand or eyes that see or ears that hear!  For forty years God has led you through the wilderness, yet your clothes haven’t become old, and your shoes haven’t worn out!  The reason He hasn’t let you settle down to grow grain for bread or grapes for wine and strong drink, is so that you would realize that it is the Lord your God who has been caring for you.’”

 

29: 16-18

 

“Surely you remember how we lived in the land of Egypt, and how as we left, we came safely through the territory of enemy nations.  You have seen their heathen idols made of wood, stone, silver, and gold.  The day that any of you, man or woman, family or tribe of Israel, begins to turn away from the Lord you God and desires to worship these gods of other nations, that day a root will be planted that will grow bitter and poisonous fruit.”

 

*Footnotes 30:11-14.  God has called us to follow his commandments, while reminding us that his laws are not too difficult to follow.   Have you ever said you would obey God if you knew what he wanted?  Have you ever complained that obedience is too difficult for a mere human?  These are unacceptable excuses.  God’s laws are written in the Bible and are clearly evident in the world around us.  Obeying them is reasonable, sensible and beneficial.  The most difficult part of obeying God’s laws is simply deciding to do so! 

 

Questions:

 

1.      For the third time Moses called the people together.  Why?  (He was reminding them

of what they’d seen.  He restated the covenant that God had made with His people.)

2.      What had the people seen?  (They had seen the great plagues and miracles God had

brought on Pharaoh and his people.) 

3.      How long had they been wandering in the desert?  (They had wandered for forty years.)

4.      While they had been in the desert what had God provided for them.  (God provided clothes that didn’t wear out, shoes that didn’t wear out along with daily food.)

5.      Why hadn’t God let them settle down and grow grain for bread and grapes to eat?  (God wanted the people to realize that it was the Lord their God who had been caring for them.)

6.      God gave a final warning about turning away from Him.  What was it?  (A root would be planted that grew bitter and poisonous fruit.)

7.      Think about the first time Moses left the people and went into the mountain.  When he came back what had the people done?  (The people had melted down their gold jewelry and molted it into a golden calf.  They were worshipping the calf.)

8.      Discuss why it is so easy to break God’s laws.  Ideas;  trying to be popular, going along with the crowd,  talking back to your parents, (not honoring your parents) etc.  

Our choices make a difference.  Choosing to follow God produces good results in our lives and in our relationships with others.  Choosing to abandon God’s ways brings harm to ourselves and others.

 

Summary: You have choices. You can choose to obey God’s laws or not to obey God’s laws.  Both have consequences.  The choices are yours.

 

Lesson #5: Deuteronomy 30: 9-13.  It is important to pass on God’s truths in our traditions to future generations.

                   

Explanation of teaching.

 

God commanded the Israelites to teach their children His ways.  They were to use ritual, instruction and memorization to make sure their children understood God’s principles and passed them on to the next generation.

 

31:9-13

 

“Then Moses wrote out the laws he had already delivered to the people and gave them to the priests, the sons of Levi, who carried the Ark containing the Ten Commandments of the Lord. Moses also gave copies of the laws to the elders of Israel.  The Lord commanded that these laws be read to all the people at the end of every seventh year – the Year of Release – at the Festival of Tabernacles, when all Israel would assemble before the Lord at the sanctuary.

‘Call them all together’, the Lord instructed, ‘men, women, children, foreigners living among you to hear the laws of God and to learn His will, so that you will reverence the Lord your God and obey His laws.  Do this so that your little children who have not known these laws will hear them and learn how to revere the Lord your God as long as you live in the Promised Land.”

 

Summary of Moses.

 

Moses was 120 years old when he died.  Moses was the only person who ever spoke with God face to face.  He was called Israel’s greatest prophet. Yet even this great man was not allowed to enter the Promised Land, because he disobeyed God.  ( We will learn about this in our next study of  Numbers.)  No matter how good we are, or how much we’ve done for God we sometimes disobey him.  The result of our disobedience will be discipline. God disciplined Moses severely, yet still called him His friend.  When you experience the sting of God’s discipline, do what Moses did.  Turn toward God with love, understanding, and a desire to do better.  Don’t turn away in anger, embarrassment, or with feelings of failure and inadequacy.

It is important to pass on God’s truth in our traditions to future generations.  But God desires that His truth be in our Hearts and minds and not merely in our traditions.    

 

Questions:

 

1.      God commanded the Israelites to teach their children His ways.  How were they to do

this? (They were to use ritual - such as Lord’s supper- instruction and memorization.)

2.      Who did Moses give then laws to?  (Moses gave the laws to the priests, and sons of

Levi.)

3.      What was special about the sons of Levi?  (They carried the sacred ark.)

4.       How often were they commanded to read these laws?  (They were to be read every seventh year.)

5.      Where were they to be read and who was to hear them?  (They were to be read at the Festival of Tabernacles when all Israel would assemble before the Lord at the sanctuary.)

6.      What was special about Moses?  (Moses was the only person who ever spoke with God face to face.)

7.      How do we learn about God’s law today?  (We have our churches which provide Sunday school classes, our Brave Heart groups where we learn about the bible and God’s Commandments, we have bibles to read and music.  We have T.V. programs.

Talk about how much easier it is today to learn about God’s word.  Discuss ways they can share God’s word with their friends.  Talk about what their behavior tells about them.

 

Summary;  It is the responsibility of the elders to make sure the next generation know God’s laws and the consequences of not following them.    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*All scripture was taken from Life Application Bible, The Living Bible (1988). Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. Youth for Christ/USA, Wheaton, Illinois.


Posted 1.9.09