Brave Hearts Ministry

 

Memory Verse:   “I will take you as my own people and I will be your God.” Exodus 6:7 

 

 

Purpose of this book: Record the events of Israel’s deliverance from Egypt and development as a nation.

Author: Moses.

Location: It was written in the wilderness during Israel’s wanderings, somewhere in the Sinai Peninsula.

Setting of this book: Egypt.  God’s people, once highly favored in the land, are now slaves.  A God of great miracles is about to set them free.

Interesting fact: Exodus relates more miracles than any other Old Testament book and is noted for containing the Ten Commandments.

 

Lesson 1: Exodus 1:8-19, 22; 2:1-5, 7-10

 

Slavery 

 

“A new king came to the throne of Egypt.  He told his people, ‘these Israelis are becoming dangerous to us because there are so many of them.’  So the Egyptians made slaves of them and put brutal taskmasters over them to wear them down under heavy burdens while building the cities of Pithom and Raamses as supply centers for the king.  But the more the Egyptians mistreated and oppressed them, the more the Israelis seemed to multiply.  The Egyptians became alarmed, and made the Hebrews slavery more bitter still, forcing them to toil long and hard in the fields and to carry heavy loads of mortar and brick.

 

Then Pharaoh, the king of  Egypt, told the midwives (the ladies that delivered babies) to kill all Hebrew boys as soon as they were born.  The midwives couldn’t do this so they made excuses for not being able to do it.”     

 

Moses is Born

 

 “There was a little baby boy born to a Hebrew family.  They were able to hide him until he was three months old.  His mother made a basket out of reeds and placed it in the river where everyone bathed.  The baby was found by a princess.  The baby’s sister asked the princess if she wanted him to find a woman to nurse the baby.  She did and the sister got her mother so the mother was able to keep him for a while longer.  The mother brought him back to the princess and he became her son.  She named him Moses.”

 

1.  Why were the Egyptians afraid of the Israelis? (There were so many of them that  Pharaoh was afraid they would take over their country)

  1. What did the Egyptians do to keep control of the Israelis? (The Egyptians forced the Israelis into slavery).
  2.  What kind of work were the Israelis forced to do? (The Israelis were forced to toil long hours and to hard work in the fields, carry heavy loads of mortar and brick)
  3. What was Pharaoh’s final instruction to the midwives?   (The midwives were to kill all Hebrew baby boys as soon as they were born.
  4. How was Moses saved? (Moses was put into a basket made of reeds and placed in the river. A princess found the baby.  Moses’ mother was able to care for him for awhile)
  5. Could you be that brave in such a dangerous situation?
  6. Who would you turn to for help?

 

Summary: God works in marvelous ways.  Every one of his children are special to him.  Can you think of a time when events have come together that only God could have made happen? Prayer is our constant communication with God.  He is always with us.

                            

Lesson 2: Exodus 2:11, 23-25; 3:1-11, 14b

 

“One day, many years later when Moses had grown up and become a man, he went out to visit his fellow Hebrews and saw the terrible conditions they were under.  Several years later the king of Egypt died.  The Israelis were groaning beneath their burdens, in deep trouble because of their slavery, and weeping bitterly before the Lord.  He heard their cries from heaven, and remembered his promise to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to bring their descendants back into the land of Canaan.  Looking down upon them, he knew that the time had come for their rescue 

   

God called to Moses through a burning bush.  The Lord told him, ’I have seen the deep sorrows of my people in Egypt, and have heard their pleas for freedom from their harsh taskmasters.  Now I am going to send you to Pharaoh, to demand that he let you lead my people out of Egypt.’” 

 

This was not an easy task to accomplish. First Moses had to be convinced, by God, that he was the one to go to go to Pharaoh and tell him to let God’s people go.  God sent his brother Aaron with him.

 

God sent the following ten plagues to the Egyptians before Pharaoh finally let the people go.

 

1.      Blood. The water in the river was turned to blood. (7:14-24) 

2.      Frogs. Came up from the water and completely covered the land. (8:1-15)

3.      Lice. All the dust of Egypt becomes a massive swarm of lice. (8:16-19)

4.      Flies. Swarms of flies cover the land. (8:20-32)

5.      Livestock. Allof the Egyptian livestock die – but none of the Israelis were even sick.  (9:1-7)

6.       Boils. Horrible boils break out on everyone in Egypt. (9:8-12)

7.      Hail. Hailstorms kill all the slaves and animals left out or unprotected and strip or destroy almost every plant. (9:13-35)

8.      Locusts. Locusts cover Egypt and eat everything left by the hail. (10:1-20)

9.      Total darkness covers Egypt for three days so no one can even move – except the Hebrews, who have light as usual.(10-29)

10.   Death of Firstborn.  The firstborn of all the people and cattle of Egypt die, But Israel is spared (11:1-12:33).  This is celebrated as Passover today.  Pharaoh finally agrees to let the Israelis go.

 

1.      When was the first time Moses met God personally? (Moses met God in the burning bush)

2.      What did God tell him? (God told Moses he was sending him to the Pharaoh in Egypt to tell him, “Let my people go!”)

3.       What was Moses’ reaction to God? (Moses said I am not the man for the job. God said “I will certainly be with you.”

4.       God sent a helper with him.  Who was it? (I will send your brother Aaron with you)

5.       Moses went to the Pharaoh ten times.  What happened each time Moses left the Pharaoh? (Each time Moses asked the Pharaoh to let God’s people go, the Pharaoh said “no”. So God sent another plague.

6.      Have you ever been in a situation where you have felt very strongly that you could not do well?

7.      Who do you turn to? (Pray first, then wait for God’s answer.  The person could be a teacher, parent, tutor etc.)

 

Summary: God has a way of getting our attention.  He used a variety of plagues to get Pharaoh to obey. We need to listen carefully to what God’s will is for our life and obey the first time. 

  

Lesson 3: Exodus 13:17; 14:1-4, 6-8, 10, 13-16, 27-31; 15:1, 22, 24, 26, 27; 16:1, 3, 4, 5; 17: 5, 6, 11

 

            “So at last Pharaoh let the people go.  God led them along a route through the Red Sea wilderness.  Jehovah now instructed Moses, ‘Tell the people to turn toward Piha-hiroth between Migdol and the sea, and to camp there along the shore.’  The Pharaoh will think, ‘Those Israelites are trapped now, between the desert and the sea!  Pharaoh’s heart will be hardened again and he will chase after you.  I have planned this to gain great honor and glory over Pharaoh and all his armies, and the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord.’  So they camped where they were told.

  

Pharaoh led the chase in his chariot, followed by the pick of Egypt’s chariot corps.  He pursued the people of Israel, for they had taken much of the wealth of Egypt with them.   As the Egyptian army approached, the people of Israel saw them far in the distance, speeding after them, and they were terribly frightened, and cried out to the Lord to help them.  Moses told the people, “Don’t be afraid.  Just stand where you are and watch, and you will see the wonderful way the Lord will rescue you today.  The Lord will fight for you and you won’t need to lift a finger! 

 

  Then the Lord said to Moses, “Quit praying and get the people moving!  Forward, march!  Use your rod – hold it out over the water, and the sea will open up a path before you, and all the people of Israel shall walk through on dry ground!  The Egyptians will go in after you.  The Lord drowned them in the sea. When the people of Israel saw the mighty miracle the Lord had done for them against the Egyptians, they were afraid and revered the Lord, and believed in him and in his servant Moses.   Moses and the people of Israel sang a song to the Lord. 

 

Then Moses led the people of Israel on from the Red Sea, and they moved out into the wilderness of Shur and were there three days without water. The people started complaining.  “If you will listen to the voice of the Lord your God, and obey it, and do what is right, then I will not make you suffer the diseases I sent on the Egyptians, I am the Lord who heals you.  They came to Elim where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees; and they camped there. 

 

The next complaint from the people was lack of meat and bread.  The Lord told Moses, ‘Look, I’m going to rain down food from heaven for them. Everyone can go out each day and gather as much food as he needs.’  The Lord provided meat in the evening and bread in the morning.  Jehovah has said for everyone to gather as much as is needed for his household .  Don’t leave any overnight.  This was to become known as manna. (It tasted like honey bread.)

 

Next the people complained about the lack of enough water again. Jehovah said to Moses, ‘Take the elders of Israel with you and lead the people out to Mt. Horeb.  I will meet you there at the rock.  Strike it with you rod – the same one you struck the Nile with – and water will come pouring out!’  Moses did and water gushed out!  An army of Amalek came to fight the people of Israel.  God told Moses that as long as he held his rod of God raised to the Lord, the Lord would fight the battle.  The Lord continued to protect the people of Israel.”

 

   

        1.  God led the people along the route of the Red Sea.  How did the people cross the sea? (God gave Moses the power through his rod to part the sea, make a dry path for the people to cross)

  1. What happened to the Egyptians when they tried to follow the Israelis across the sea? (The Egyptians drowned)
  2. The journey was hard for the Israelis.  What was there first problem? (Lack of water)
  3.  What was there second complaint?  (Lack of food)
  4.  Would you have felt the same way as these people felt?  Why or why not?
  5. What did God provide for them?   (God provided water for them along the way and what was to become known as manna for food)
  6. How does God provide for you?
  7. How many miracles has God done in these few verses? (10 plagues, parting the sea, providing water twice, providing food, and protecting them from the army of Amaleks)

 

Summary: God can do miracles for you too.  Do you have faith in him to do so?

 

Lesson 4: Exodus 19:1-8, 20; 10:2-17

 

             “The Israelis arrived in the Sinai peninsula three months after the night of their departure from Egypt.  After breaking camp at Rephidim, they came to the base of Mt. Sinai and set up camp there.  Moses climbed the rugged mountain to meet with God.  From somewhere in the mountain God called to him and said, ‘Give these instructions to the people of Israel.  Tell them you have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I brought you to myself as though on eagle’s wings.  Now if you will obey me and keep your part of my contract with you, you shall be my own little flock from among all the nations of the earth; for all the earth is mine.  You shall be a kingdom of priests to God, a holy nation.’  The people responded in union, ‘We will certainly do everything he asks of us.’

 

The people were to stay at the bottom of the mountain and Moses went to the top.  He was there for forty days and forty nights.  Then God issued this edict: ‘I am Jehovah your God who liberated you from your slavery in Egypt.  You shall worship no other God before me.  You shall not make yourselves any idols, no images of animals, birds of fish.  You must never bow or worship it in any way; for I, the Lord your god, am very possessive.  I will not share your affection with any other god!   You shall not use the name of God irreverently, nor use it to swear, Observe the Sabbath as a holy day; on that day you are to do no work, Honor your father and mother, you must not murder, You must not commit adultery, You must not steal, you must not lie, and you must not be envious.’  These laws are known as the 10 commandments. 

 

God continued to give general rules, laws concerning people, laws about property and instructions for building the tabernacle. All of these laws were written on two stone tablets which Moses brought down from the mountain.”

 

1.      Where did the Lord have the Israelis go and how long did it take? (The Lord sent the Israelis to the Sinai Peninsula.  It took three months)

2.      When they got to the Sinai peninsula what were they instructed to do? (They were instructed to set up camp)

3.      Where did Moses go and why? (Moses climbed the mountain to meet with God)

4.      What was the response from the Israelis to God’s instructions to them? (They responded together “We will certainly do everything he asks of us.”)

5.      What did God give Moses on the mountain? (God gave Moses the 10 commandments, laws governing peoples behavior and instructions for building the Tabernacle)

6.      Have a discussion on the consequences of following rules and not following rules (good and the bad).

 

Summary: For everything we do there is a consequence.  Good or bad.  Think of some of the things you have done and what the consequences were.

 

Lesson 5: Exodus: 32:1-16, 19; 33:3; 34:1, 5-8

 

            “When Moses didn’t come back down the mountain right away, the people went to Aaron.  ‘Look’, they said, ‘make us a god to lead us, for this fellow Moses who brought us here from Egypt has disappeared; something must have happened to him.’

 

‘Give me your gold earrings,’ Aaron replied.  So they all did, men and women, boys and girls.  Aaron melted the gold, then molded and tooled it into the form of a calf.  The people exclaimed, ‘O Israel, this is the god that brought you out of Egypt!’

           

When Aaron saw how happy the people were about it, he built an altar before the calf and announced, ‘Tomorrow there will be a feast to Jehovah.’

 

So they were up early the next morning and began offering burnt offerings and peace offerings to the calf-idol; afterwards they sat down to feast and drink at a wild party. Then the Lord told Moses, ‘Quick! Go down, for your people that you brought from Egypt have defiled themselves, and have quickly abandoned all my laws.  They have molded themselves a calf, and worshipped it, and sacrificed to it, and said, ‘This is your god, O Israel that brought you out of Egypt.’

 

Then the Lord said, ‘I have seen what a stubborn, rebellious lot these people are.  Now let me alone and my anger shall blaze out against them and destroy them all; and I will make you, Moses, into a great nation instead of them.’

           

Moses begged God not to do it.  So the Lord changed his mind and spared them.

 

Then Moses went down the mountain, holding in his hands the Ten Commandments written on both sides of two stones tablets.  (God himself had written the commandments on the tablets.)

 

When Moses saw the calf and the dancing, and in terrible anger he threw the tablets to the ground and they lay broken at the foot of the mountain. The Lord’s anger was upon the people.  He would not travel among them for they were a stubborn, unruly people, and He would be tempted to destroy them along the way.

 

Moses asked to see God again.  The Lord told Moses, ‘Prepare two stone tablets like the first ones and I will write upon them the same commands that were on the tablets you broke.’  So Moses did as he was told. 

 

Then the Lord descended in the form of a pillar of cloud and stood there with him, and passed in front of him and announced the meaning of his name.  ‘I am Jehovah, the merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in steadfast love and truth.  I, Jehovah, show this steadfast love to many thousands by forgiving their sins.’

 

Moses fell down before the Lord and worshipped him.     

 

 

1.      When Moses didn’t come down out of the mountain right away. What did the people do? (The people convinced Aaron they needed a new god.  So they collected their gold jewelry, melted it, molded it into a calf.) 

2.      What was their reason for doing it? (They thought something had happened to Moses)

3.      What was God’s reaction to their behavior? (God told Moses that his people had defiled themselves and had quickly abandoned all of God’s laws. God was angry and wanted to destroy all of them)

4.      What was Moses’ reaction when he came out from the mountain? (Moses was angry! He threw down the two stone tables and broke them)

5.      What do you think when God left his people and wouldn’t lead them any longer? (Answers will vary)

6.      What did Moses ask of God again?  (Moses asked to see God again)

7.      What was God’s response? (God agreed. He told Moses to bring two tablets with him. God wrote the commands on the tablets again)

8.      Even if you have sinned, can you go to God in prayer and be forgiven? (We have a loving and merciful God.  We can always go to God and ask for forgiveness) 

9.      How do you know this? 

 

 

Summary: Remember every action of ours has a consequence. God will continue to forgive us as we ask forgiveness with humble hearts. Pray for God’s guidance as we make our daily choices.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*The scriptures used for this study were taken from the “Young Women of Faith Bible New International Version” published in 2001 by the Zondervan Corporation.