Brave Hearts Ministry

I Samuel

Memory Verse:

“Commit yourselves to the Lord and serve him only.” I Samuel 7:3


Key Facts


Author: Unknown

Why written: This book shows how Israelites became a kingdom.

Key Lesson: God wants leaders to obey.

Important people in book: Samuel, Saul, David

When: between 1105 and 1010 B.C.

Location: Land of Israel


Key Stories in Book


The Lord calls Samuel                         Chapter 3

Samuel anoints Saul                             Chapter 9

Saul disobeys                                       Chapter 13, 15

Samuel anoints David king                  Chapter 16

David kills Goliath                               Chapter 17


Lesson #1: The Lord calls Samuel – Read Chapter 3:4-16


            “One night Eli, whose eyes were becoming so weak that he could barely see, was lying down in his usual place.  The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was.  Then the Lord called Samuel.

            Samuel answered, ‘Here I am.’  And he ran to Eli and said,’ Here I am; you called me.’

            But Eli said, ‘I did not call; go back and lie down.’  So he went and lay down.

            Again the Lord called, ‘Samuel!’ And Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, ‘Here I am; you called me.’

            ‘My son,’ Eli said, ‘I did not call; go back and lie down.’

            Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord:  The word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him.

            The Lord called Samuel a third time, and Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, ‘Here I am; you called me.’

            Then Eli realized that the Lord was calling the boy.  So Eli told Samuel, ‘Go and lie down, and if he calls you, say, ‘Speak, Lord, for your servant is listening.’ So Samuel went and lay down in his place.

            The Lord stood there, calling as at the other times, ‘Samuel! Samuel!’

            Then Samuel said, ‘Speak, for your servant is listening,’

            And the Lord said to Samuel: ‘See, I am about to do something in Israel that will make the ears of everyone who hears of it tingle.  At that time I will carry out against Eli everything I spoke against his family – from beginning to end.  For I told him that I would judge his family forever because of the sin he knew about; his sons made themselves contemptible,’ and he failed to restrain them.  Therefore, I swore to the house of Eli, ‘The guilt of Eli’s house will never be atoned for by sacrifice or offering.’

            Samuel lay down until morning and then opened the doors of the house of the Lord.  He was afraid to tell Eli the vision, but Eli called him.”




  1. How many times did God call Samuel before he heard him? (3)
  2. Why do you think that Samuel did not recognize God’s voice? (The word of the Lord had not been revealed to him yet. v.7)
  3. How do you know when God is talking to you?  How can you hear his voice?
  4. What was revealed in the vision to Samuel? (That the prophecy regarding Eli’s family would be begin; v13)
  5. Why was Samuel afraid to tell Eli what was in the vision?


Summary: Give your life to the Lord. Listen to his voice and he will guide your decision. If you listen carefully, God will call you for his purpose even as a child.


Lesson #2:  Samuel anoints Saul – Read Chapter 8: 6-22


            “But when they said, ‘Give us a king to lead us,’ this displeased Samuel; so he prayed to the Lord.  And the Lord told him: ‘Listen to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected, but they have rejected me as their king.  As they have done from the day I brought them up out of Egypt until this day, forsaking me and serving other gods, so they are doing to you.  Now listen to them; but warn them solemnly and let them know what the king who will reign over them will do.’

            Samuel told all the words of the Lord to the people who were asking him for a king.  He said, ‘This is what the king who will reign over you will do:  He will take your sons and make them serve with his chariots and horses, and they will run in front of his chariots.  Some he will assign to be commanders of thousands and commanders of fifties, and others to plow his ground and reap his harvest, and still others to make weapons of war and equipment for his chariots.  He will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers.  He will take the best of your fields and vineyards and d olive groves and give them to his attendants.  He will take a tenth of your grain and of your vintage and give it to his officials and attendants.  Your menservants and maidservants and the best of your cattle and donkeys he will take for his own use.  He will take a tenth of your flocks and you yourselves will become his slaves.  When that day comes, you will cry out for relief from the king you have chosen, and the Lord will not answer you in that day.”

            But the people refused to listen to Samuel. ‘No!’ they said.  ‘We want a king over us.  Then we will be like all the other nations, with a king to lead us and to go out before us and fight our battles.’

            When Samuel heard all that the people said, he repeated it before the Lord.  The Lord answered, ‘Listen to them and give them a king.”






  1. Did God want Saul to appoint a king for Israel? Why not? (8:11-18).
  2. Why do you think the people did not listen to Samuel? (They wanted to be like all the other nations who had kings rather than stand out as something different).
  3. What did God say would be the result of giving the people what they wanted? (they would become slaves; v17)
  4. Why do we make choices that have bad results when we know better?
  5. Have your parents ever told you something not to do, but you did it anyway?  What were the results?  Should you have listened?


Summary: The people of Israel rejected God as their king and wanted a king as ruler.  Will you do the same?  What happened to Israel because of their decision?  What might happen to you?


Lesson #3:  Saul disobeys – Read 13:1-3, 11-14; 15: 10-11, 22


I Samuel 13: 1-3

            “Saul was thirty years old when he became king and he reigned over Israel 2 years.

            Saul chose 3,000 men from Israel; 2,000 were with him at Micmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and 1,000 were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin.  The rest of the men he sent back to their homes.

            Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost at Geba, and the Philistines heard about it.  Then Saul had the trumpet blown throughout the land and said, ‘Let the Hebrews hear!’ So all Israel heard the news: ‘Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel has become a stench to the Philistines.’


I Samuel 13: 11-14

            And Saul offered up the burnt offering.  Just as he finished making the offering, Samuel arrived, and Saul went out to greet him.

            ‘What have you done?’ asked Samuel.

            Saul replied, ‘When I saw that the men were scattering, and that you did not come at the set time, and that the Philistines were assembling at Micmash, I thought, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the Lord’s favor.’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering.

            ‘You acted foolishly, Samuel said. ‘You have not kept the command the Lord your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time. But now your kingdom will not endure; the Lord has sought out a man after his won heart and appointed him leader of his people, because you have not kept the Lord’s command.’


I Samuel 15: 10-11

            Then the word of the Lord came to Samuel: ‘I am grieved that I have made Saul king, because he has turned away from me and has not carried out my instructions.’  Samuel was troubled and he cried out to the Lord all that night.”

I Samuel 15:22

            “To obey is better than sacrifice.”




  1. Saul disobeyed God when he attacked the Philistines.  What was Saul’s punishment? (v.14).
  2. God wants obedience from his children.  What does it mean to obey? Who should you obey?
  3. What does verse 22 mean” to obey is better than sacrifice”? Saul disobeyed God to offer God a sacrifice.  What does God want from you?
  4. What is rebellion?
  5. Does rebellion draw you closer to God or take you farther away?
  6. Why do people rebel from God?
  7. What are ways in which children show rebellion?


Summary: Pray for a pure heart that God will protect you from the schemes of the devil.


Lesson #4:  Samuel anoints David King – Read Chapter 16: 1, 7, 12, 13


I Samuel 16:1, 7

            “The Lord said to Samuel, ‘How long will you mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem.  I have chosen one of his sons to be king.’


            So Samuel went down to Bethlehem to find the family of Jesse.  He asked to see all of the sons of Jesse.  He had eight sons and Samuel assumed that the oldest and the largest of the sons would be chosen by God.  However, God chose David, the youngest and smallest.


I Samuel 16:7

            But the Lord said to Samuel, ‘Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him.  The Lord does not look at the things man looks at.  Man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”


I Samuel 16: 12, 13

            “So he sent and had him brought in. He was ruddy, with a fine appearance and handsome features.  Then the Lord said, ‘Rise and anoint him; he is the one.’

            So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the Lord came upon David in power.”




  1. Verse 7 states that the Lord does not look at the things man looks at (appearance, height, clothes).  What do you think he means by that?
  2. What are some things that God is looking at in your life?
  3. What are some things that people tend to value? (Clothes, jewelry, shoes, cars, the latest of everything…)
  4. Who did God choose as the next king? Was he the oldest or the youngest of the sons?
  5. Does age matter to God?  Can you serve him at any age?


Summary: God cares about the content of your heart.  Be careful about the resources spent on taking care of the outside.


Lesson #5:  David and Goliath – Read Chapter 17: 41-49


            “Meanwhile, the Philistine, with his shield bearer in front of him, kept coming closer to David.  He looked David over and saw that he was only a boy, ruddy and handsome, and he despised him.  He said to David, ‘Am I a dog that you come at me with sticks?’  And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. ‘Come here,’ he said, ‘and I’ll give your flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field!’

            David said to the Philistine, ‘You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.  This day the Lord will hand you over to me, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head.  Today I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth, and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel.  All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves; for the battle is the Lord’s and he will give all of you into our hands.’

            As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him.  Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead.  The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell face down on the ground.”




  1. Who did Goliath represent? (Philistines)
  2. How tall was he? (9’4”)
  3. Why did David have confidence that he could defeat Goliath? (Because he was anointed by God)
  4. What were David’s words to Goliath? (v.45)
  5. “The battle is the Lord’s”. What types of battles do you think God can help you win?
  6. Why do you think God chose a young boy to defeat Goliath?
  7. Can God use you?


Summary: The battles of this life have already been won when Jesus overcame death on the cross.  Surrender your battle to the Lord and claim the victory!


*Scripture taken from the following bible:  NIV Encouragement Bible, 2001, Zondervan Publishing House: Grand Rapids, Michigan.

Posted 1.9.09