Brave Hearts Ministry

II Kings


Memory Verse: “Again and again the Lord had sent prophets to warn both Israel and
Judah to turn from their evil ways; he warned them to obey his Commandments which
he had given to their ancestors through these prophets, but Israel wouldn’t listen.”
2 Kings 17:13, 14

Author: Unknown; possibly Jeremiah or a group of prophets.
Purpose:  To demonstrate the fate that awaits all who refuse to make God their
                true leader.
Date:  930 B.C.

Lesson #1:  Elisha’s Ministry. 2 Kings 1:1-12

‘Now the time came for the Lord to take Elijah to heaven by means of a whirlwind!  Elijah said to Elisha as they left Gilgal, “Stay here, for the Lord has told me to go to Bethel.”  But Elisha replied, “I swear to God that I won’t leave you.”  So they went on together to Bethel.

When they arrived on the other side of the river, Elijah said to Elisha, “What wish shall I grant you before I am taken away?” Elisha replied, “Please grant me twice as much prophetic power as you have had.”  You have asked a hard thing, Elijah replied.  “If you see me when I am taken from you, then you will get your request.  If not, you won’t.”

Suddenly a chariot of fire, drawn by horses of fire, appeared and drove between them, separating them, and Elijah was carried by a whirlwind into heaven. Elisha saw it and cried out, “My Father! My Father!  The Chariot Israel and the charioteers!”

1.       Who was taken to Heaven?  (Elijah)

2.      What was Elisha’s response to Elijah when Elijah told him to stay here? (I swear
to God that I won’t leave you.

3.      What was Elisha’s request of Elijah before he was taken away?  (Please grant me
twice as much prophetic power as you have had.)

4.      What is prophetic power?  (A prophet delivered message from God to His people.)

5.      How was Elijah taken into heaven?  (On a chariot of fire with horses of fire in a

whirlwind.)

6.       Do you think Elisha got his request from Elijah?  Why or why not?


Summary:  God had prepared Elisha to take Elijah’s place when He took Elijah to heaven. 


Lesson #2:  Elisha was a Holy Prophet doing God’s will.  2 Kings 2:13, 14, 19-22, 4: 1-7

As the Chariot disappeared Elisha picked up Elijah’s cloak and returned to the bank of the Jordan River, and struck the water with it. “Where is the Lord God of Elisha?”  He cried out.  The water parted and Elisha went across!

Now a delegation of the city officials of Jericho visited Elisha.  “We have a problem,” they told him.  “This city is located in beautiful natural surroundings, as you can see; but the water is bad, and causes our women to have miscarriages.”  “Well” he said, “bring me a new bowl filled with salt!”  So they brought it to him.  Then he went out to the city well and threw the salt in and he declared, “The Lord has healed these waters.”   They shall no longer cause death or miscarriage.

One day the wife of one of the seminary students came to Elisha to tell him of her husband’s death.  “He was a man who had loved god,” she said.  But he had owed some money when he died and now the creditor was demanding it back.  If she didn’t pay, he said he would take her two sons as his slaves.”What shall I do?”  Elisha asked, “How much food do you have in the house?”  “Nothing at all, except a jar of olive oil,” she replied.  “Then borrow many pots and pans from your friends and neighbors!” he instructed.  “Go into your house with your sons and shut the door behind you.  Then pour olive oil into the pots and pans, setting them aside as they are filled.”  So she did.  Her sons bought the pots and pans to her, and she filled one after another!  Soon every container was full to the brim!  “Bring me another jar,” she said to her sons.  “There aren’t any more, they told her.  Then the oil stopped flowing!  When she told the prophet what had happened, he said to her, “Go and sell the oil and pay your debt, and there will be enough money left for you and your sons to live on.”

1.       What did Elisha find left behind of Elijah’s?  (Cloak)

2.      What was unusual about the cloak?  When Elisha struck the water with it the river parted)

3.      There was another miracle involving water.  Tell about the event.  (Elisha healed a
well with a new bowl filled with salt.)

4.      Another miracle that Elisha was responsible for was finding a way for a widow to pay her husband’s debt.  Describe the event.  How do you think the mother felt when she thought she would have to give up her sons to pay the debt?  Are there any other stories in the bible that you can think of that have this same kind of miracle?  (Turning water into wine at the wedding, feeding 5,000 with five fish and two loaves of bread.)  Can you think of any unusual events that have happened to you and your families?

Summary: God is watching over His people and providing for them.  His miracles are awesome to behold.

 

Lesson #3:  Elisha continues to do miracles for God’s people.  2 Kings 4:8-17, 32-37

‘One day Elisha went to Shunem.  A prominent woman of the city invited him into eat, and afterwards whenever he passed that way, he stopped for dinner.  She said to her husband. “I’m sure this man who stops in from time to time is a holy prophet.”  Let’s make a little room for him on the roof, we can put in a bed, a table, a chair, a lamp and he will have a place to stay whenever he comes by.

Elisha sent his servant Gehazi to get the woman.  He asked her, “What they could do for her.” She replied, “I am perfectly content.  Elisha asked Gehazi “What can we do for her?”  He suggested, “She doesn’t have a son, and her husband is an old man.”  When she returned, he talked to her as she stood in the doorway.  “Next year at about this time you shall have a son?”  It was true. The woman had a baby boy.

            The boy became ill and died.  Elisha went to her house.  When he arrived, the child was indeed dead, lying there upon the prophet’s bed.  He went in and shut the door behind him and prayed to the Lord.  Then he lay upon the child’s body, placing his mouth upon the child’s mouth, and his eyes upon the child’s eyes, and his hands upon the child’s hands.  The child’s body began to grow warm again.  Then the prophet went down and walked back and forth in the house a few times, returning upstairs.  He stretched himself again upon the child.  This time the little boy sneezed seven times and opened his eyes!  When the mother came in he said, “Here’s your son!”  She fell to the floor at his feet and then picked up her son and went out.’

1.       Who did the woman think Elisha was? (a holy prophet)

2.      What did she do for him? (She provided a place for him to stay whenever he was in their area)

3.      What did Elisha tell the woman she would have? (a boy)

4.      What happened to the boy? (He became ill and died)

5.      What did Elisha do for the boy? (He prayed to the Lord first.  Then he lay upon the boy’s body placing his mouth upon the child’s mouth, his eyes upon the child’s eyes, and his hands upon the child’s hands.  Then he went down and walked back and forth in the house a few times.)

6.      Was this an easy thing to accomplish? (God can heal)

Summary: Elisha’s prayer and method of healing show God’s care for the hurting.  We must express genuine concern for others as we carry God’s message.  The purpose of his ministry was to restore respect for God and his message, and he stood firmly against the evil kings of Israel.  By faith, with courage and prayer, he revealed not only God’s judgment on sin, but also his mercy, love, and tenderness toward faithful people.  Elisha showed that God controls not only great armies, but also events in everyday life.  When we listen to and obey God, he shows us his power to transform any situation.  God’s care is not reserved for kings and leaders, but is for all who are willing to follow him.  He can perform miracles in our lives.


Lesson #4: The Divided Kingdom: Kingdom of Judah, Two tribes, Capital, Jerusalem

Below is a summary of the Southern Kingdom Kings and their reigns.

Jehoram/Joram reigned for eight years.  He married a wicked daughter of Ahab, compelled the people to worship idols, and killed all his brothers. (8:16-24)

Jehoahaz/Ahaziah reigned one year: Friend of Joram of Israel (8:24-9:29).

Athaliah (Queen) reigned six years.  Killed all of her grandchildren except Joash who was hidden by his nurse for six years, and ravaged the Temple to furnish Baal’s temple (11:1-20).

Joash reigned forty years. He was crowned king at the age of seven by Jehoiada (the High Priest), promoted peace and prosperity and repaired the Temple and smashed the altars to Baal.  But, after Jehoiada died, Joash abandoned God, and even had Jehoiada’s son killed (1:1-12:21).

Amaziah reigned for 29 years.  He was basically good but did not completely wipe out idol worship, organized the army, took a census (14:1-20).

Jotham reigned for sixteen years.  He rebuilt the upper gate of the Temple, rebuilt walls and cities, but still permitted idol worship (15:32-38).

Ahaz reigned for sixteen years.  He sacrificed his own son to heathen gods; nailed the Temple doors shut (16:1-20).

Hezekiah reigned for 29 years.  He was a devoted follower of God; reopened Temple doors, cleansed the Temple, reinstated priests and their duties, organized an orchestra to aid worship, destroyed idols including the bronze serpecnt of Moses because people had begun to worship I, celebrated Passover and even invited people who were living in the North to participate, constructed large public waterworks, was given 15 extra years of life, foolishly showed ambassadors the wealth in the Temple (18:1-20:21).

Manasseh reigned for 55 years.  He rebuilt all the heathen shrines, sacrificed on of his own sons, practiced black magic, set up an idol right in the Temple, murdered many of his own people, but repented during his Assyrian captivity (21:1-18).

Amon reigned two years (21:19-26).

Josiah reigned 31 years.  He loved God with all his heart, repaired the Temple, found a lost scroll of the law (he promised to obey it, thus God stayed desctruction fo Judah until after his death), personally oversaw the major project of destroying idol shrines, reinstated the priests of God, celebrated Passover with greater zeal than had been since Samuel’s day, and was greatly loved by his people (22:1-23:30).

Jehoahaz reined for three months.  He was jailed and taken to Egypt where he died (23:30-34).

Eliakiim/Jehoiakim reigned for 11 years.  He burned part of God’s Word, was a puppet king for Egypt, then Babylon, watched gold and tools taken from the temple oto Babylon, was first exile (in which Daniel was taken) (23:34-24:5).

Jehoiachin reigned for three months.  Saw next exile to Babylon (24:6-16, 25:27-30).

Mattaniah/Zedekiah reigned for 11 years.  He was the Temple burned and Jerusalem destroyed, was tortured and carried away in the final exile to Babylon (24:17-25:21).

This is the end of the Southern Kingdom.  It was carried off captive to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar.

1.      Count all of the evil kings that ruled.

2.      Count all of the Godly kings that ruled.

3.      Think about when your friends want you to do something that you know is wrong. Let the girls provide examples.

4.      Are you strong enough to say “no” to your friends?  Let the girls provide examples of how they responded to their friends.

5.      Discuss how God gives you the strength even when you think you cannot stand strong. Provide an example from your own life.

6.      Discuss how you can respond to temptation.

Summary: Think of all of the miracles Elisha had performed for these people.  Yet, they still turned from God.  We must be very careful that we don’t fall into the way of the world and that we remain strong in God’s word.

Lesson #5: The Northern Kingdom of Israel (10 Tribes) Capital: Sheche, then Tirzah, the Samaria.

Below is a summary of the Northern Kingdom of Israel Kings and their reign.

Ahaziah reined for two years.  Proposed a joint trade venture with Judah (1:18).

Jehoram/Joram reigned for 12 years.  Suffered famine and war during most of his reign (3:1-8:25).

Jehu reigned for 20 years.  He was responsible for the deaths of Joram (king of Juda), Ahaziah (king of Israel), Jezebel (wicked mother of Joram); destroyed the priests and temples of Baal; but did not consistently follow God (9:1-10:36).

Jehoahaz reigned for 17 years.  He had an evil reign including worship of Asheroth, usually called “shameful”.

Jehoash/Joash reigned for 16 years.  Even though he was evil, he recognized the authority of Elisha as a prophet of God (13:10-14:16).

Jeroboam. He reighed for 41 years.  Very evil but politically powerful, his nation enjoyed economic prosperity and military peace (14:16-29).

Zechariah reigned for six months.  He encouraged idol worship (14:29-15:12).

Shallum reigned for one month (15:10-15).

Menahem reigned for 10 years. He imposed heavy taxes and oppressed his people (15:14-22).

Pekahiah reigned for two years.  He continued idol worship (15:22-26).

Pekah reigned for eight years.  During his reign many of the people were taken captive to Assyria (15:25-31).

Hoshea reigned for nine years.  His people suffered heavy taxation by Assyria and eventual conquest, brining about Israelite captivity and resettlement of foreigners in Israel (15:30).

This brought an end to the Northern Kingdom.  Israel was taken to Assyria by Shalmaneser.

1.       Which one king recognized Elisha as a prophet of God, but ignored who God was? (Jehoash)

2.      Even people who have God in their hearts stray from His will. Ask the girls if this has ever happened in their lives.

3.      Talk about the grace of God that we have through Jesus Christ even when we make mistakes.  The people in the Old Testament didn’t have this grace.  They lived under the law.

Summary: Prophets were considered great men of God.  They loved the Lord with all their hearts, followed His laws and relayed messages to His people.  Today God talks directly to each one of us.  He can answer prayers, perform miracles, heal the sick and intervene to help us in any circumstance.  We only need to pray and seek His voice.

 

 

All scripture for this study was taken from Life Application Bible (the Living Bible), Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. and Youth for Christ/USA Wheaton, Illinois, 1988.


Posted 5/09