Brave Hearts Ministry

Joshua



Memory Verse:  Not one of all the Lord’s good promises to the house of Israel failed;

                           everyone was fulfilled.  (Joshua 21:45)

 

Author: Joshua, except for the ending which may have been written by the High Priest Phinehas, an eyewitness to the events recounted there.

Location: Old Testament

Setting:  Canaan, also called the Promised land, which occupied the general geographical

               territory of modern-day Israel.                                       

Purpose: To give the history of Israel’s conquest of the Promised Land.               

When written: About 1406 B.C.

 

                                                            Overview

 

Lesson #1 Entering the Promised Land Josh. 1:1- 5:10,11,16 2:1,4,9-24, 3:6,12-17

                     A Lesson of Success

Lesson #2  Conquering the Promised Land, Part 1 Josh. 6:1-27,7:1,8:1,2,                 

                     A lesson of Faith

Lesson #3 Conquering the Promised Land, Part 2 Josh. 11:6,15-18

                     A lesson of Guidance

Lesson #4  Dividing the Promised Land, Part 1 13:1,14,21,  Gen. 48:22 Josh. 15-17,

                      a map including Chapters 13-19     

                     A lesson of Leadership

Lesson #5  Dividing the Promised Land, Part 2  21:1-3, 23:1-8, 24:13-15

                     A Lesson of Conquest                                                  

 

Lesson #1 Entering the Promised Land: 

Josh. 1:1,-5,10,11,16 -  2:1,4,9-24, 3:6,12-17 4:4-7                                

A Lesson of Success

 

1:1-5  Moses has died.  Joshua is the new leader.  His job consisted of leading more than a million people into a strange new land and conquering it.  God told Joshua that, “No will be able to oppose you as long as you live, for I will be with you just I was with Moses; I will not abandon you or fail to help you.” 

1:10,11 Then Joshua issued instructions to the leaders of Israel to tell the people to get ready to cross the Jordan River.  In three days we will go across, conquer and live in the land which God has given us!”

1:16  The people pledged themselves to obey Joshua as their commander-in-chief. 

2:1, 4, 9-24  Joshua sent two spies from the Israel camp at Acacia to cross the river and check out the situation on the other side, especially at Jericho. The spies arrived at an inn operated by a women named Rahab.  She hid the spies so the police squadron couldn’t find them. She knew the God of Israel was a powerful God.  She bargained with the spies to save her family in exchange for getting them safely out of the city.  The city was a large city with high walls all around.  The spies hid in the mountains for three days. Then they came out of the mountain, crossed the river and reported to Joshua. “The Lord will certainly give us the entire land, for all the people over there are scared to death of us.”

3:6, 12-17  In the morning Joshua ordered the priests, {Take up the Ark and lead us across the river!”)  And so they started out.  When the priests, who are carrying the Ark touched the water with their feet, the river will stop flowing as though held back by a dam, and will pile up as though against and invisible wall!”  Far up the river the water began piling up as though against a dam, and the water below that point flowed on to the Dead Sea until the riverbed was empty.  Then all the people crossed at a spot where they were close to the city of Jericho, and the priests who were carrying the Ark stood on dry ground in the middle of the Jordan and waited as all the people passed by. 

4:4-7Joshua summoned twelve men . Go out into the middle of the Jordan where the ark is.  Each of you is to carry out a stone on your shoulder – one for each of the tribes of Israel.  Then Joshua explained the purpose of the stones: “In the future, when your children ask you why these stones are here and what they mean, you are to tell them that these stones are a reminder of this miracle. The nation of Israel crossed the Jordan River on dry ground!  

 

Questions:

 

1.      Who was the leader after Moses died?”  (Joshua became the new leader.)

2.      What was his job? (Joshua was to lead a million people into a strange new land and conquer it.)

3.      What did God say to Joshua to assure him he would succeed?  (No one will be able to oppose you as long as you live.  I will not abandon you or fail to help you.)

We have that same assurance today.  God will not abandon us or fail us.

4.   What instructions did Joshua tell the leader to give to their people?  (Be ready to cross     

       the Jordon in three days.)

5.    Joshua sent three spies to check the situation across the river, especially Jericho. 

 They were helped by a most unusual person.  Who was it?  (Rahab helped them.  She

 hid them for she knew the God  of Israel was a powerful God.)

6.      When the spies came back across the river what was their report?  (The Lord will

 certainly give us the entire land, for all the people over there are scared to death

 of us.)

 7.  The people had a miracle from God when they crossed the river.  What was it?  (The

       water was held back and they crossed on dry ground.)

8.       Does this remind you of another crossing of water people did on dry ground?  (The

 crossing of the Red Sea.)

 

Summary:  God kept his promise to the people of Israel that he would see them into the Promised Land.  As long as they obeyed Him, He would not leave them or fail them. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson Two: Conquering the Promised Land

Part 1  Joshua 6:1-22, 7:1, 8:1-2

A Lesson of Faith

                                                  

6:1-27  The gates of Jericho were kept tightly shut because the people were afraid of the Israelites, no one was allowed to go in or out. 

But the Lord said to Joshua, “Jericho and its king and all its mighty warriors are already defeated, for I have given them to you!  Your entire army is to walk around the city once a day for six days, followed by seven priests walking ahead of the Ark, each carrying a trumpet made from a ram’s horn.  On the seventh day you are to walk around the city seven times, with the priests blowing their trumpets.   Then, when they give one long, loud blast, all the people are to give a mighty shout and the walls of the city will fall down; they move in upon the city from every direction.”  So Joshua summoned the priests and them their instructions; the armed men would lead the procession followed by seven priests blowing continually on their trumpets.  Behind them would come the priests carrying the Ark, followed; by a rear guard.  Let there be complete silence except for the trumpets. “Nor a single word from any of you until I tell you shout; then SHOUT!”

For six days they walked around the city and then went back to camp at night. At dawn on the seventh day they started out again, but this time they went around the city not once, but seven times.  The seventh time, as the priests blew a long, loud trumpet blast, Joshua yelled to the people, “SHOUT” The Lord has given us the city.  The walls came tumbling down.  

Meanwhile Joshua had said to the two spies, “Keep your promise; Go rescue  Rahab and everyone with her. The promise to save Rahab and her family was kept. 

The people were told NOT to take anything for themselves for everything is to be destroyed.  If it isn’t, disaster will fall upon the entire nation of Israel.

7:1  However, there was sin among the Israelis.  God’s command to destroy everything except that which was reserved for the Lord’s treasury was disobeyed.  One person, Achan, took some loot for himself, and the Lord was very angry with the entire nation of Israel because of this.  The thief was found and punished. The Lord’s fierce anger was ended.

8:1,2  The next city to conquer was Ai.  The Lord told Joshua, Do not be afraid; I have delivered into your hands the king of Ai, for his people, his city and its land.  You shall do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king, except that you may carry off their plunder (rob goods or valuables and livestock for yourselves.”  So Joshua did as he was commanded. The city of Ai was conquered.

    

 Questions:

 

1.  What does it mean to keep the gates of Jericho tightly shut?  (This means no one       

     could go in or out.)

2.      God gave Joshua specific instructions on conquering the city.  What were they? 

( -The entire army was to walk around the city once for six days.

  -They were to be followed by seven priests walking ahead of the Ark. Each priest

          was to carry a trumpet made from a ram’s horn.

-On the seventh day they were to walk around the city seven times with the priests                    blowing their trumpets.  When they gave on long loud blast all the people were to give a mighty shout.)

3.       After the people gave a loud shout, what happened?  (The walls fell down.)

Discuss how this had to be a miracle from God.  No walls can come down by           themselves with out physical labor.

4.      Talk about the tremendous faith Joshua had in God and the faith the people had in

Joshua to follow him.  Discuss the faith these girls have in their parents, teachers and any leaders in their lives.  The ultimate faith is in God to protect us and keep us from harm. 

5.      The people were told NOT to take anything for themselves.  Did they obey?  (No)

6.      What was God response to this?  (He was angry at the whole nation of Israel).

Have you ever been in a situation, when you were innocent, but had to pay the

penalty when someone else didn’t follow the rules?  

7.      The Israelites continued to conquer the land God had given them.  This time what did

God tell them they could do?  (They could keep the plunder and livestock for themselves.)

 

Summary;  Our strength to do God’s work comes from trusting him.  His

Promises reassure us of His love and that He will be there to guide us in the decision and struggles we face.  Faith begins with believing He can be trusted.

 

Lesson #3   Conquering the Promised Land

Part II   Joshua 11: -6,15-18,12:1

A lesson in Guidance and Obedience

 

Joshua carefully obeyed all the instructions given by God.  Joshua believed in God’s guiding him in the conquering of  the Promised Land.

Joshua and his whole army came against the kings of the north.  The Lord said to Joshua, 11:6  (Do not be afraid of them because by this time tomorrow I will hand all of them over to Israel.)  So Joshua and his whole army came against them suddenly at the Waters of Merom and attacked them, and the Lord gave them into the hand of Israel.  They defeated them and pursued them. 11:15  The Lord had commanded His disciple Moses; and Moses had passed the commandment on to Joshua, who did as he had been told; He carefully obeyed all of the Lord’s instructions to Moses.

11:16-18  Joshua conquered the entire land-the hill country, the Negeb, the land of Goshen, the lowlands of Israel.  The Israeli territory now extended all the way from Mount Halak, near Seir, to Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon, at the foot of  Mount Hermon.  Joshua killed all the kings of those territories.  It took seven years of  war to accomplish all of this.    

Chapter 12 is a summary of the first half of  Joshua.  It lists the kings and nations conquered by Joshua both to the east and west of the Jordan River.  As long as the people trusted and obeyed God, one evil nation after another fell in defeat.  

 

 

 

Questions:

 

1.      Joshua carefully followed God’s instructions in conquering the Promised Land. 

Why?  (In order for the people to be successful they had to have God give the

people over to them in battle. They could not accomplice this by themselves.)

Discuss ways in which God leads them in their everyday life.  Examples; giving success in events they may be in, keeping them safe, providing activities for them that would be good for them even if  they don’t think so.

2.      Remember what happened at Ai?  Do you think this had impressed upon the

Israelites the importance of guidance and obedience?  Have the girls give some examples of consequences when they haven’t followed guidance and obeyed.  Encourage such experiences as not studying for tests, cleaning their rooms etc.

3.      Who had given Joshua his instructions first?  (Moses who had been the leader

before Joshua.)

4.      Do you remember how the people pledged their obedience to God when Moses

went up the mountain to be with God.  He came back with the tablets of Ten Commandments written on them.  What were the people doing?  (They had

made a golden café and were worshipping it.)  How was God’s anger shown

to them.  (They had to wander in the wilderness for 40 years.)

 

It is very important to realize that God is always with us even when we are being    

punished.

 

Summary: God gave instructions to Israel for every aspect of their lives.  His law      guided their daily living and His specific marching order gave them victory in battle.  Guidance from God for daily living can be found in His Word.  By staying in touch with God, we will have the needed wisdom to meet the great challenges of life.

 

Lesson #4  Dividing the Promised Land 

Part 1   13:1, chapters 13-19, Gen. 48:22 ,  Joshua 15-17    Use the map   

A  Lesson in Leadership

 

            Chapters 13-19 describe how the promised land was to be divided among the 12 tribes.  13:14;21 First, the tribe of Levi was not to have any land because they were to spend all their energies serving the people, not their own interests.  Second, the tribes of Reuben and Gad  and the and the half-tribe of Manasseh had already received land east of the Jordan river, which had been given to them by Moses  Num.32  Third, the tribes of  Judah and Joseph had received land that their ancestor Jacob had promised them 450 years earlier, Gen. 48:22, Joshua 15-17.  The rest of the tribes divided up the remaining land by casting lots.  Chapter 18.

            13;1 Joshua was getting old, He was between 85 and 100 years of age at this time. You are very old, and there are still very large areas of land to be taken over.          

            Using the map, the 12 tribes were given the following land.  Starting at the Salt

Sea Judah, inside his large area is Simeon, going north are Dan and Benjamin, then Ephraim, continuing north is ½ of Manasseh tribes then Issachar followed by Zebulun and Asher.  Now go east and find Naphtali.  Continue in a eastern direction to the other half of the Manasseh tribe.  Going south you’ll see Gad, than Reuben.  Remember the tribe of Levi was not to have any land because they were to spend all their energies serving the people. It took many years to conquer all the land.  We will learn about this when we study Judges.       

Joshua displayed brilliant military strategy in the way he went about conquering the land of Canaan.  He followed God’s plans as God told them to him.

 

Questions:

 

1.      What does it mean to cast lots for the land. (Similar to picking a number out

of a hat.)

2.      After looking at the map did  you find it amazing how God had selected these

lands for these people so many year before they came to settle there.

God had plans for your life also you just have to follow his leadership.  Talk

about ways they can to do this.

 

Summary: Joshua was an example of an excellent leader. He was confident in God’s strength, courageous in the face of opposition, and willing to seek God’s advice

 

Lesson #5.   21;1-3, 23:1-8, 24:13-15  

A Lesson in the Conquest Following God’s Plan

 

20:1-6  Special cities are set aside.  The Lord said to Joshua “Tell the Israelites to designate the cities of refuge, as I instructed you through Moses, so that anyone who kills a person accidentally and unintentionally may flee there and find protection from the avenger of blood.  He is to stay in that city until he has stood trial before the assembly and until the death of the high priest who is serving at that time.  Then he may go back to his own home in the town from which he fled. 

21:1-3  Now the family heads of the Levites approached Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the heads of the other tribal families of Israel.  The Lord commanded through Moses that you give us towns to live in, with pasture lands for our livestock. So, as the Lord had commanded, the Israelites gave the Levites’ towns and pasture lands out of their own inheritance.  

Joshua gives a farewell to the leaders.  23:1-8  After a long time had passes and the Lord had given Israel rest from all their enemies around them, Joshua, by than old and well advanced in years, summoned all Israel- their leaders, judges and officials and said to them: “I am old and well advanced in years.  You yourselves have seen everything the Lord your God has done to all these nations for your sake; it was the Lord your God who fought for you.  Remember how I have allotted as an inheritance for your tribes all the land of the nations that remain- the nations I conquered-between the Jordan and the Great Sea in the west.  The Lord your God himself will drive them out of your way.  He will push them out before you, and you will take possession of their land, as the Lord you God promised.

24:13-15    “ I gave you a land on which you did not toil and cities you did not build; and you live in them and eat from vineyards and olive groves that you did not plant.  Now fear the Lord and serve him with all faithfulness.  Throw away the Gods your forefathers worshipped beyond the River and in Egypt, and serve the Lord.  But if serving the Lord seems undesirable to you, then choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve. But as for me and my household, we will serve the Lord.”  Joshua called all the Israelites to Shechem to hear his final words.  He challenged the people to make a conscious choice to always serve God.  Soon afterward, Joshua died and was buried in his hometown of  Timnath Serah.

 

Questions:

 

1.      What was a city of refuge?  (The city was a place a person could go to if they      unintentionally killed someone.) Who could use the city? (Anyone could use the city that had killed a person.)

2.       When could a person leave the city?  (A person could leave the city after they had a trial and when the reining high priest had died.)  This seems funny to us but remember they didn’t have our system of law and order.

3.      Did the Levites finally get a place to call their own?  (They were given towns and homes among the various tribes for their cattle’s pasture but not given a place all together as a nation.)  They were still meant to serve the people.

4.       Joshua had followed God’s orders.  What was his final instruction to the people.  (Always serve our one God.  Do not get involved with other God’s)

5.      What did Joshua say his house would do?  (As for me and my house we will always serve the Lord)

It is not always easy to serve our God in this world.  What are some ways that you can be sure to stay in God’s wishes for you?  Examples: pray before doing an activity that you’re not sure you should be involved in; obey your teachers and parents.    

 

Summary: God commanded His people to conquer the Canaanites and take all their land.  Completing their mission would have fulfilled God’s promise to Abraham and brought judgment on the evil people living there.  Unfortunately, Israel never finished the job.  

                         

 

 

 

 

 

 Posted 1.12.09